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Acid-base and metal ion-binding properties of diaminopropyl D-glucopyranoside and diaminopropyl D-mannopyranoside compounds in aqueous solution

TitleAcid-base and metal ion-binding properties of diaminopropyl D-glucopyranoside and diaminopropyl D-mannopyranoside compounds in aqueous solution
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsSong, B, Mehrkhodavandi, P, Buglyo, P, Mikata, Y, Shinohara, Y, Yoneda, K, Yano, S, Orvig, C
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society-Dalton Transactions
Volume8
Pagination1325-1333
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0300-9246
KeywordsCOMPLEXES
Abstract

For three sugar-appended diamine compounds (1,3-diamino-2-propyl beta-D-glucopyranoside (2-beta-D-Glc-pn), (2S)-2,3-diaminopropyl beta-D-glucopyranoside (1-beta-D-Glc-pn) and 1,3-diamino-2-propyl alpha-D-mannopyranoside (2-alpha-D-Man-pn)), acidity constants and stability constants with Ni2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ have been measured (I = 0.16 M NaCl, 25 degrees C). The two acidity constants of each of the three sugar-diamines differ by 10(1.65) to 10(3.09), indicating that removal of the proton from HL+ species is more difficult than deprotonation from the fully protonated dication H2L2+. Statistical and polar effects, as well as the formation of an intramolecular hydrogen bond, may cause this increased stability of the HL+ species. The strength of the hydrogen bond and the degree of its formation (percentage) were estimated. The sugar ring has only a small influence on the intramolecular hydrogen bond formation. For the different metal ion-ligand systems, the predominating species in solution are quite different. In the Cu2+-1-beta-D-Glc-pn system, the dominant species are always CuL2+ and CuL22+ in the pH range 4 to 10, where the total ligand concentration is larger than total metal ion concentration. For Ni2+, NiL32+ is also important under these same conditions; however, for Zn2+, the hydrolysis species ZnL2(OH)(+) and ZnL2(OH)(2) predominate in the high pH region. All possible species in the system were included during the calculations, and the corresponding stability constants were determined. The hydrolysis of the metal ions themselves is important in some cases and all possible hydrolysis species were included in the fitting calculation. The stability constant plots log K versus pK yielded straight reference lines for 1,3-diamine or 1,2-diamine ligands, reflecting the complete absence of sugar oxygen atoms in the metal ion coordination. The linkage between the metal ion and the diamine residue depends solely on the basicity of the ligand.

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