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Antimony biomethylation by the wood rotting fungus Phaeolus schweinitzii

TitleAntimony biomethylation by the wood rotting fungus Phaeolus schweinitzii
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsAndrewes, P, Cullen, WR, Polishchuk, E, Reimer, KJ
JournalApplied Organometallic Chemistry
Date PublishedJun
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0268-2605
KeywordsABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY, CHROMATOGRAPHY MASS-SPECTROMETRY, chromatography-atomic, CONFIRMATION, CULTURES, dimethylantimony, GENERATION, GROWTH, HUMICOLA, hydride generation-gas, infant death syndrome (SIDS), INFANT-DEATH-SYNDROME, MICROORGANISMS, Phaeolus schweinitzii, SCOPULARIOPSIS-BREVICAULIS, SPECIATION, sudden, trimethylantimony

The wood rotting fungus, Phaeolus schweinitzii, efficiently transforms the antimony(III) compounds potassium antimony tartrate and antimony trioxide to nonvolatile dimethylantimony and trimethylantimony species, The organoantimony species were detected in potato dextrose broth media samples by using hydride generation-gas chromatography-atomic absorption spectroscopy (HG-GC-AAS). The average concentrations of trimethylantimony species after 40 days incubation with potassium antimony tartrate were approximately 35 mug, 155 mug and 520 mug Sb/l, for substrate concentrations of 10 mg, 100 mg and 1000 mg Sb/l respectively. Thus, the maximum yield of trimethylantimony species was approximately 0.4%, When antimony trioxide (saturated solution, 4 mg Sb/l) was used as a substrate, the average concentration of trimethylantimony species was 150 mug Sb/l after 40 days. The HG-GC-AAS response for the dimethylantimony species was less than that for the trimethylantimony species; however, quantification was not possible because of the lack of an appropriate standard. In comparison, cultures of P, schweinitzii incubated with 1 mg As/I as sodium arsenite contained approximately 200 mug As/I as trimethylarsenic species, i.e. 20% yield, Biomethylation of antimony(V) was inefficient: cultures contained only 3 mug Sb/l as trimethylantimony species after incubation with 100 mg Sb/l as potassium hexahydroxyantimonate, No organoantimony species were detected in control cultures that contained only medium and inorganic antimony compounds. The identities of the organoantimony species were confirmed by using CC-Mass Spectrometry, Copyright (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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