|Title||Characterization of a buried neutral histidine in Bacillus circulans xylanase: Internal dynamics and interaction with a bound water molecule|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1998|
|Authors||Connelly, GP, McIntosh, LP|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||ACTIVE-SITE, AMIDE PROTON-EXCHANGE, ASSIGNMENTS, DOMAIN, HYDROGEN-BOND, NMR-SPECTROSCOPY, NUCLEAR MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, PROTEINS, relaxation, TRICHODERMA-REESEI|
NMR spectroscopy was used to characterize the dynamic behavior of His149 in Bacillus circulans xylanase (BCX) and its interaction with an internal water molecule. Rate constants for the specific acid-and base-catalyzed exchange following bimolecular kinetics (EX2) of the nitrogen-bonded H-epsilon 2 of this buried, neutral histidine were determined, At pD(min) 7.0 and 30 degrees C, the lifetime for this proton is 9.9 h, corresponding to a protection factor of similar to 10(7) relative to that predicted for an exposed histidine, The apparent activation energies measured for specific acid and base catalysis (7.0 and 17.4 kcal/mol) indicate that exchange occurs via local structural fluctuations. Consistent with its buried environment, the N-epsilon 2-H bond vector of His149 shows restricted mobility, as evidenced by an order parameter S-2 = 0.83 determined from N-15 relaxation measurements, The crystal structure of BCX reveals that a conserved, buried water hydrogen-bonds to the H-epsilon 2 of His149. Strong support for this interaction in solution is provided by the observation of a negative nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) and positive rotating-frame Overhauser effect (ROE) between His149 H-epsilon 2 and a water molecule with the same chemical shift as the bulk solvent. However, the chemical shift of H-epsilon 2 (12.2 ppm) and a D/H fractionation factor close to unity (0.89 +/- 0.02) indicate that this is nor a so-called low-barrier hydrogen bond. Lower and upper bounds on the lifetime of the internal water are estimated to be 10(-8) and 10(-3) s. Therefore the chemical exchange of solvent protons with those of His149 H-epsilon 2 and the diffusion or physical exchange of the internal water to which the histidine is hydrogen-bonded differ in rate by over 7 orders of magnitude.
|URL||<Go to ISI>://000072304200010|