States of matter, properties of gases, phase diagrams. Elementary chemical thermodynamics and kinetics. Reaction equilibria.
Prerequisite: 2 of CHEM 111, CHEM 112 or 2 of CHEM 122, CHEM 123 or 1 of CHEM 154 [3-0-1*; 0-0-0]
This course provides an introduction to the Thermodynamics and Kinetics for Engineers. There are no required textbooks, however, the following book is recommended: Physical Chemistry, Thermodynamics, Structure, and Change, Atkins and de Paula, 10 Edition
1. Properties of Matter
- Macroscopic and microscopic descriptions of matter.
- Equations of state.
- Ideal gas, kinetic theory of gases.
- Van der Waals equation, compressibility factor, virial series, Boyle temperature.
- Liquefaction of gases, critical point.
2. First Law of Thermodynamics
- Heat and work; internal energy and enthalpy.
- Types of processes: reversible, irreversible, isothermal, adiabatic.
- Heat capacities.
- Equipartition of energy.
- Joule & Joule-Thomson experiments.
3. Second Law of Thermodynamics
- Carnot cycle.
- Free energy.
- 3rd law of thermodynamics.
4. Equilibrium in Pure Systems
- phase equilibria.
- Clapeyron equation.
- Clausius-Clapeyron equation.
- One-component phase diagrams.
5. Thermochemistry and Chemical Reactions
- Formation reaction; Temperature dependence.
- Extent of reaction; equilibrium constant; activities & standard states.
6. Solutions and Phases
- Raoult’s law, Henry’s law; thermodynamics of ideal solutions.
- Introduction to real solutions; Gibbs-Duhem equation.
- Gibbs phase rule; two-component phase diagrams; lever rule.
- Colligative properties: vapor pressure lowering, freezing point depression, boiling point elevation, osmotic pressure.
7. Chemical Kinetics
- Rate laws.
- Temperature dependence.
- Methods for determining rate laws.
- Surface catalysis.