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Chromatographic separation of the theranostic radionuclide 111Ag from a proton irradiated thorium matrix

TitleChromatographic separation of the theranostic radionuclide 111Ag from a proton irradiated thorium matrix
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsMastren, T, Radchenko, V, Engle, JW, Weidner, JW, Owens, A, Wyant, LE, Copping, R, Brugh, M, F. Nortier, M, Birnbaum, ER, John, KD, Fassbender, ME
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume998
Pagination75 - 82
ISSN0003-2670
KeywordsAG, CL resin, Nuclear reaction cross sections, Proton irradiation, Theranostic, Thorium target
Abstract

Column chromatographic methods have been developed to separate no-carrier-added 111Ag from proton irradiated thorium targets and associated fission products as an ancillary process to an existing 225Ac separation design. Herein we report the separation of 111Ag both prior and subsequent to 225Ac recovery using CL resin, a solvent impregnated resin (SIR) that carries an organic solution of alkyl phosphine sulfides (R3P = S) and alkyl phosphine oxides (R3P = O). The recovery yield of 111Ag was 93 ± 9% with a radiochemical purity of 99.9% (prior) and 87 ± 9% with a radiochemical purity of 99.9% (subsequent to) 225Ac recovery. Both processes were successfully performed with insignificant impacts on 225Ac yields or quality. Measured equilibrium distribution coefficients for silver and ruthenium (a residual contaminant) on CL resin in hydrochloric and nitric acid media are reported, to the best of our knowledge, for the first time. Additionally, measured cross sections for the production of 111Ag and 110mAg for the 232Th(p,f)110m,111Ag reactions are reported within.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003267017311790
DOI10.1016/j.aca.2017.10.020