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Identifying the missing link in catalyst transfer polymerization

TitleIdentifying the missing link in catalyst transfer polymerization
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsHe, W, Patrick, BO, Kennepohl, P
JournalNature Commun.
Volume9
Pagination3866
Type of Articlearticle
Abstract

Nickel-catalyzed catalyst transfer polycondensation (CTP) of thiophenes is an efficient strategy for the controlled synthesis of polythiophenes. However, a detailed view of its reaction mechanism has remained elusive with unresolved questions regarding the geometry and bonding of critical Ni(0) thiophene intermediates. Herein, we provide experimental and computational evidence of structurally characterized square planar η2-Ni(0)–thiophene species and their relevance to the mechanism of CTP. These results confirm the viability of C,C-η2 bound intermediates in CTP of thiophenes, providing an electronic rationale for the stability of such species, and thus that such processes can proceed as living polymerizations. We further show that C,S-κ2 species may also be relevant in nickel-catalyzed CTP of thiophenes, providing new avenues for exploitation and optimization.