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LASER DESORPTION IONIZATION FOURIER-TRANSFORM ION-CYCLOTRON RESONANCE MASS-SPECTROMETRY OF CARBOHYDRATES .1. BACTERIAL OLIGOSACCHARIDES CONTAINING NEURAMINIC ACID OR PYRUVIC-ACID ACETAL GROUPS

TitleLASER DESORPTION IONIZATION FOURIER-TRANSFORM ION-CYCLOTRON RESONANCE MASS-SPECTROMETRY OF CARBOHYDRATES .1. BACTERIAL OLIGOSACCHARIDES CONTAINING NEURAMINIC ACID OR PYRUVIC-ACID ACETAL GROUPS
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1990
AuthorsLam, Z, Comisarow, MB, Dutton, GGS, Parolis, H, Parolis, LAS, Bjarnason, A, Weil, DA
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume241
Pagination187-199
Date PublishedDec
Type of ArticleProceedings Paper
ISBN Number0003-2670
KeywordsBACTERIOPHAGE-BORNE ENZYMES, CAPSULAR, FAB, FAST ATOM BOMBARDMENT, GLYCOSIDES, ION CYCLOTRON RESONANCE, LASER DESORPTION IONIZATION, MS, OLIGOSACCHARIDES, POLYSACCHARIDE, SEQUENCE, SPECTRA
Abstract

The positive- and negative-ion laser desorption ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectra of two known, underivatized, linear oligosaccharides obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis with bacterial viruses of the corresponding native bacterial capsular polysaccharides were analyzed. The high-resolution spectra, estimated to be from less than 1 nmol of sample, showed prominent pseudo-molecular ions, as well as fragment ions derived from glycosidic bond and ring cleavages. For some of these frequently observed ring fragments, structures are proposed by analogy to known even-electron gas phase fragmentations and even-electron solution chemistry. The structures of the capsular biopolymers were delineated from these fragmentations, confirming that Klebsiella pneumoniae serotype K3 capsular polysaccharide is made up of a pentasaccharide repeating unit, consisting of four hexoses, one hexuronic acid and one pyruvic acid acetal; and confirming that the tetrasaccharide repeating unit of Escherichia coli serotype K9 is composed of two hexoses, one acetamido hexose and one N-acetyl neuraminic acid. The analysis of oligosaccharides containing N-acetylated sugars was complicated by the fact that an amino hexose attached to a -C2H3O2 ring fragment shares the same elemental formula as an acetamido hexose. Nevertheless, other less ambiguous structural ions could be used for sequencing. Furthermore, analysis of the ring fragments also provided some indication of the positions of linkage of certain monosaccharide residues.

URL<Go to ISI>://A1990EU53300004