|Title||Liquid-liquid phase separation in organic particles consisting of α-pinene and β-caryophyllene ozonolysis products and mixtures with commercially-available organic compounds|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Song, Y-C, Bé, G, Martin, ST, Geiger, FM, Bertram, AK, Thomson, RJ, Song, M|
|Journal||ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS|
|Date Published||OCT 2020|
Liquid–liquid phase separation (LLPS) in organic aerosol particles can impact several properties of atmospheric particulate matter, such as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) properties, optical properties, and gas-to-particle partitioning. Yet, our understanding of LLPS in organic aerosols is far from complete. Here, we report on LLPS of one-component and two-component organic particles consisting of α-pinene- and β-caryophyllene-derived ozonolysis products and commercially-available organic compounds of relevance to atmospheric organic particles. In the experiments involving single-component organic particles, LLPS was observed in 8 out of 11 particle types studied. LLPS almost always occurred when the oxygen-to-carbon elemental ratio (O : C) was ≤ 0.44, but did not occur when O : C was > 0.44. The phase separation occurred by spinodal decomposition, and when LLPS occurred, two liquid phases co-existed up to ~ 100 % relative humidity (RH). In the experiments involving two-component organic particles, LLPS was observed in 23 out of 25 particles types studied. LLPS almost always occurred when the average was O : C ≤ 0.67, but never occurred when the average O : C was > 0.67. The phase separation occurred by spinodal decomposition or growth of a second phase at the surface of the particles. When LLPS occurred, two liquid phases co-existed up to ~ 100 %. These results provide further evidence that LLPS is likely a frequent occurrence in organic aerosol particles in the troposphere, even in the absence of inorganic salts.