|Title||Quantification of mobilized copper(II) levels in micronized copper-treated wood by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Xue, W, Kennepohl, P, Ruddick, JNR|
Sapwood sawdust from southern pine was treated with micronized copper (MC) under various conditions and the mobilized copper(II) (Cu-mob) concentrations were determined in the treated wood by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. The spectral -parameters for the copper sulfate (CuSO4)-treated sapwood and those of the MC-treated sapwood were very similar. A linear correlation was found between the intensities of copper (Cu) EPR spectra and those of Cu energydispersive X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy in a series of CuSO4-treated sapwood reference samples. Thus, the EPR signal intensities could be reliably correlated to the mass of reacted Cu present using this calibration curve. The amount of the Cu-mob in sawdust treated by MC suspensions increased during the first 2-3 days after the initial treatment and then reached a maximum during the 7-day monitoring period. In the case of the treatment with MC alone or MC azole, an increased MC concentration led to an elevated amount of Cu (to a maximum of similar to 0.23% Cu) solubilized by the sapwood. If the wood was treated with MC quat, the Cu-mob initially increased, but at higher concentrations the Cu-mob content decreased, due to the interference by the quat cobiocide on the acid reaction between the wood and the basic Cu carbonate. An examination of commercially-treated wood confirmed the laboratory observations.