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Rotational spectra and hyperfine constants of ZrO and ZrS

TitleRotational spectra and hyperfine constants of ZrO and ZrS
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsBeaton, SA, Gerry, MCL
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume110
Pagination10715-10724
Date PublishedJun
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0021-9606
KeywordsBORN-OPPENHEIMER APPROXIMATION, COEFFICIENTS, DEPENDENCE, DIATOMIC-MOLECULES, DIPOLE-MOMENTS, DUNHAM, FOURIER-TRANSFORM SPECTROSCOPY, ISOTOPE, LOW-TEMPERATURE, METAL-OXIDES, REFRACTORY MOLECULES, ZIRCONIUM OXIDE
Abstract

The pure rotational spectra of ZrO and ZrS have been recorded using cavity Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy in the frequency range 9-26 GHz. The molecules were generated by laser ablation of a solid Zr rod in the presence of 0.05% of O-2 or H2S, respectively, in either argon or neon. Rotational spectra of five previously unobserved isotopomers of ZrO in the X(1)Sigma(+) state have been measured. Spectra for all five (ZrS)-S-32 isotopomers and for the (ZrS)-Zr-90-S-34 isotopomer in natural abundance have also been measured; this is the first report of pure rotational transitions for ZrS. Transitions in several excited vibrational states were also measured for the most abundant isotopomers of both species. Atomic mass-dependent Born-Oppenheimer breakdown correction terms were determined by fitting the data obtained for each molecule to a Dunham-like expression. Values for the equilibrium bond lengths of the two species were also calculated from the results of these fits. For both the (ZrS)-Zr-91-S-32 and (ZrO)-Zr-91-O-16 isotopomers, nuclear hyperfine structure due to the zirconium nucleus was observed and values for eQ(q0) (Zr-91) and C-I (Zr-91) have been determined. A rotational transition in the low lying a (3)Delta state of ZrS has also been observed. (C) 1999 American Institute of Physics. [S0021-9606(99)00121-X].

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