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Sugar nucleotide-modifying enzymes

TitleSugar nucleotide-modifying enzymes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsTanner, ME
JournalCurrent Organic Chemistry
Volume5
Pagination169-192
Date PublishedFeb
Type of ArticleReview
ISBN Number1385-2728
Keywords4, 6-DEHYDRATASE, 6-DIDEOXYHEXOSES, ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE 2-EPIMERASE/N-ACETYLMANNOSAMINE, ACETYLNEURAMINIC ACID, biosynthesis, CYTIDINE DIPHOSPHATE 3, D-GLUCOSE, ESCHERICHIA-COLI K-12, FIRST 2, GDP-FUCOSE SYNTHETASE, KINASE, N-ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE, SITE-DIRECTED MUTAGENESIS, STEPS, UDP-GALACTOSE 4-EPIMERASE
Abstract

Sugar nucleotides serve as the activated forms of carbohydrates that are used in a wide range of biosynthetic pathways. Instead of building up the sugar nucleotide from the free sugar itself, nature often chooses to modify the "donor" portion of a pre-existing sugar nucleotide in a biosynthetically efficient manner. In doing so a rich variety of catalytic strategies are employed and this review focuses on recent mechanistic and structural studies of the sugar nucleotide-modifying enzymes. The review is organized around the types of reactions catalyzed and contains the following sections: Epimerases/Mutases/Decarboxylases, Eliminations and Substitutions, Oxidation and Reduction, and Substitutions on the Periphery of Sugar Nucleotides.

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