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Superacid anions: Crystal and molecular structures of oxonium undecafluorodiantimonate(V), [H3O][Sb2F11], cesium fluorosulfate, CsSO3F, cesium hydrogen bis(fluorosulfate), Cs[H(SO3F)(2)], cesium tetrakis(fluorosulfato)aurate(III), Cs[Au(SO3F)(4)], cesium

TitleSuperacid anions: Crystal and molecular structures of oxonium undecafluorodiantimonate(V), [H3O][Sb2F11], cesium fluorosulfate, CsSO3F, cesium hydrogen bis(fluorosulfate), Cs[H(SO3F)(2)], cesium tetrakis(fluorosulfato)aurate(III), Cs[Au(SO3F)(4)], cesium
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsZhang, DL, Rettig, SJ, Trotter, J, Aubke, F
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume35
Pagination6113-6130
Date PublishedOct
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0020-1669
KeywordsACIDS, BEHAVIOR, CATIONS, CONSTANTS, DERIVATIVES, FLUORIDE, FLUOROSULFATE, GOLD(III), TRIS(FLUOROSULFATE), VIBRATIONAL-SPECTRA, WEAKLY COORDINATING ANIONS
Abstract

{In order to understand the reasons for the low nucleophilicity of superacid anions, a systematic, comparative study of six superacid anions by single-crystal X-ray diffraction is undertaken. From magic acid, HSO3F-SbF5, surprisingly, single crystals of oxonium undecafluorodiantimonate(V), [H3O][Sb2F11], 1, are obtained. In the remaining five salts the cesium ion, Cs+, is used as the countercation. Both CsSO3F, 2, and its solvate Cs[H(SO3F)(2)], 3, are derived from the Bronsted superacid HSO3F. The conjugate noble metal superacid systems HSO3F-Au(SO3F)(3) and HSO3F-Pt(SO3F)(4) provide cesium tetrakis(fluorosulfato)aurate(III) Cs[Au(SO3F)(4)], 4, and cesium hexakis (fluorosulfato)platinate(IV) Cs-2[Pt(SO3F)(6)], 5. Cesium hexakis (fluorosulfato)antimonate(V) Cs[Sb(SO3F)(6)], 6, whose synthesis is described here in detail, provides evidence for the possible existence of a new conjugate superacid system, HSO3F-Sb(SO3F)(5). Crystals of [H3O][Sb2F11] (1, H3F11OSb2) are orthorhombic

URL<Go to ISI>://A1996VL61100024