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Unique Diastereoselectivity Trends in Aminyl Radical Cyclizations onto Silyl Enol Ethers.

TitleUnique Diastereoselectivity Trends in Aminyl Radical Cyclizations onto Silyl Enol Ethers.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsZlotorzynska, M, Zhai, H-M, Sammis, GM
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume75
Pagination864 - 872
Date Published2010///
ISBN Number0022-3263
Keywordsdiastereoselectivity aminyl radical cyclization silyl enol ether
Abstract

The cyclization of nitrogen-centered radicals onto silyl enol ethers is an efficient method for the synthesis of polyhydroxylated alkaloids as the 2-hydroxymethylpyrrolidine core can be readily accessed from a linear precursor. During our studies on the synthesis of polyhydroxylated alkaloid CYB-3, we found that the diastereoselectivity of the cyclization was dependent on a complex combination of sterics and olefin geometry. A more thorough understanding of the factors that lead to high diastereoselectivities would greatly expand the utility of this methodol. in complex natural product synthesis. We have found that cyclization diastereoselectivities of substrates with alkyl or aryl substitution were excellent regardless of olefin geometry or substitution pattern. When electroneg. substituents were introduced adjacent to the silyl enol ether, only Z-silyl enol ethers provide high diastereoselectivities. Temp., steric size of the silyl group, and sterics and electronics of the metal hydride affected the selectivity to a lesser extent. [on SciFinder(R)]