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XPS study of interfaces in a two-layer light-emitting diode made from PPV and Nafion with ionically exchanged Ru(bpy)(3)(2+)

TitleXPS study of interfaces in a two-layer light-emitting diode made from PPV and Nafion with ionically exchanged Ru(bpy)(3)(2+)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsSusac, D, Kono, M, Wong, KC, Mitchell, KAR
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume174
Pagination43-50
Date PublishedApr
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0169-4332
KeywordsCHEMISTRY, conjugated polymers, COPOLYMERS, ELECTROLUMINESCENCE, FILMS, luminescence, MEMBRANES, NAFION, POLYETHYLENETEREPHTHALATE, polymer light-emitting diodes, RAY PHOTOELECTRON-SPECTROSCOPY, ruthenium polypyridyl complex, SYSTEMS, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Abstract

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to investigate the interfacial chemistries occurring in a prototype two-layer polymer light-emitting diode that had been fabricated from PPV and Nafion with ion-exchanged Ru(bpy)(3)(2 +) Magnesium and indium tin oxide (ITO) were used as electrodes, and XPS observations were made as the different layers were added sequentially. Specifically, Mg was deposited on a layer of Nafion with incorporated Ru(bpy)(3)(2 +), and this was itself deposited on PPV-coated ITO. The morphology of Nafion, which is dictated by the strongly hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups that compose it, is indicated to rearrange with the incorporation of Ru(bpy)(3)(2 +) this rearrangement appears reinforced when a thin film is deposited on PPV. The Mg deposition results in substantial changes in XPS spectra, in part due to a direct interaction with the fluorocarbon backbone of Nation. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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