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The crystal structure of the C-terminus of adseverin reveals the actin-binding interface

TitleThe crystal structure of the C-terminus of adseverin reveals the actin-binding interface
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsChumnarnsilpa, S, Lee, WL, Nag, S, Kannan, B, Larsson, M, Burtnick, LD, Robinson, RC
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume106
Pagination13719-13724
Date PublishedAug
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0027-8424
Keywords74-KDA PROTEIN, ACTIVATION, calcium activated, EXOCYTOSIS, gelsolin, HALF, LOCALIZATION, SCINDERIN, SITE, TIRF
Abstract

Adseverin is a member of the calcium-regulated gelsolin superfamily of actin severing and capping proteins. Adseverin comprises 6 homologous domains (A1-A6), which share 60% identity with the 6 domains from gelsolin (G1-G6). Adseverin is truncated in comparison to gelsolin, lacking the C-terminal extension that masks the F-actin binding site in calcium-free gelsolin. Biochemical assays have indicated differences in the interaction of the C-terminal halves of adseverin and gelsolin with actin. Gelsolin contacts actin through a major site on G4 and a minor site on G6, whereas adseverin uses a site on A5. Here, we present the X-ray structure of the activated C-terminal half of adseverin (A4-A6). This structure is highly similar to that of the activated form of the C-terminal half of gelsolin (G4-G6), both in arrangement of domains and in the 3 bound calcium ions. Comparative analysis of the actin-binding surfaces observed in the G4-G6/actin structure suggests that adseverin in this conformation will also be able to interact with actin through A4 and A6, whereas the A5 surface is obscured. A single residue mutation in A4-A6 located at the predicted A4/actin interface completely abrogates actin sequestration. A model of calcium-free adseverin, constructed from the structure of gelsolin, predicts that in the absence of a gelsolin-like C-terminal extension the interaction between A2 and A6 provides the steric inhibition to prevent interaction with F-actin. We propose that calcium binding to the N terminus of adseverin dominates the activation process to expose the F-actin binding site on A2.

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