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Dissociation of heme from myoglobin and cytochrome b(5): Comparison of behavior in solution and the gas phase

TitleDissociation of heme from myoglobin and cytochrome b(5): Comparison of behavior in solution and the gas phase
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsHunter, CL, Mauk, AG, Douglas, DJ
JournalBiochemistry
Volume36
Pagination1018-1025
Date PublishedFeb
Type of ArticleProceedings Paper
ISBN Number0006-2960
KeywordsATMOSPHERIC-PRESSURE, CONFORMATION, ELECTROSPRAY MASS-SPECTROMETRY, FEATURES, IONIZATION, LARGE MOLECULES, NONCOVALENT INTERACTIONS, PROTEIN IONS, REORIENTATION, STABILITY
Abstract

The relationship of the structure of a protein in solution to the structure of a gas-phase protein ion and the manner in which gas-phase protein ions bind small molecules noncovalently are topics of current debate. To address these issues, the stability of heme binding to wild-type and variant forms of apomyoglobin and apocytochrome bs has been studied in the gas phase by electrospray mass spectrometry (ES-MS) and compared with the stability of heme binding to the same proteins in solution. The voltage required to dissociate ions of the heme-protein complexes in the orifice-skimmer region of an electrospray mass spectrometer, a measure of the complex stability, is found to be correlated with the activation energy for dissociation of the complexes in solution across a series of proteins in which the number of hydrogen bonds between the heme propionate groups and surface residues is systematically reduced. However, variants in which the hydrogen bonds to the proximal histidine have been removed are destabilized in solution but stabilized in the gas-phase ions. These results suggest that on the millisecond time scale of the ES-MS experiment, the gas-phase protein ion may retain much of the structure of the protein in solution, at least for those residues surrounding the heme group. Furthermore, the ability of ES-MS to detect relatively subtle differences in protein-small molecule complex stability demonstrated in this work suggests that this technique may be a convenient, sensitive, and generally useful strategy for physical characterization of such complexes.

URL<Go to ISI>://A1997WG07200006