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GENERATION AND REACTIVITY OF CP-ASTERISK-W(NO)(CH(2)SIME(3))H, A 16-VALENCE-ELECTRON ALKYL HYDRIDE COMPLEX

TitleGENERATION AND REACTIVITY OF CP-ASTERISK-W(NO)(CH(2)SIME(3))H, A 16-VALENCE-ELECTRON ALKYL HYDRIDE COMPLEX
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsDebad, JD, Legzdins, P, Lumb, SA, Batchelor, RJ, Einstein, FWB
JournalOrganometallics
Volume14
Pagination2543-2555
Date PublishedMay
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0276-7333
KeywordsACIDS, ALKENYL, CHEMICAL-PROPERTIES, {ACETYLENES
Abstract

Treatment of solutions of Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(2) with H-2 generates in situ the reactive 16-valence-electron alkyl hydride Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))H, formed by hydrogenolysis of one of the W-C sigma-bonds of the dialkyl reactant. The Lewis-acidic hydride complex has not yet been isolated, but its existence has been inferred on the basis of the varied chemical reactions that it undergoes when generated in the presence of reactive substrates. PPh(3) affords the orthometalated complex Cp*W(NO)(H)(PPh(2)C(6)H(4)) as a yellow crystalline solid probably via the 18-electron adduct Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(PPh(3))H. Consistently, the same reaction effected with PPh(3)-d(15) results in complete deuteration of the hydride position in the product. Acyclic, conjugated dienes such as butadiene or 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene afford Cp*W(NO)(eta(4)-trans-diene) complexes. The characteristic chemistry of Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))H is, however, dominated by the ability of its W-H link to insert unsaturated linkages, the regioselectivity of the insertions indicating that the hydride Ligand is hydridic in nature. For instance, insertion of acetonitrile affords the ethylideneamido complex Cp(*)W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(N=CHMe), which is isolable as a diastereomeric pair. Similarly, insertions of organic reagents containing carbonyl (O=C) or imine (HN=C) functional groups produce the corresponding alkyl alkoxide or alkyl amide products, respectively, in virtually quantitative yields. Phenylacetylene affords the novel alkyl alkenyl compound Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(CPh=CH2), which is thermally unstable and isolable in only low yields. Insertions into the W-H bond by other olefinic substrates are successful only if the unsaturated hydrocarbon also contains a Lewis-base functional group. Thus, propargylamine and allylamine produce the related metallacyclic complexes Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(NH2CH2CHCH) and Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(NH2CH2CH2CH2), respectively. Treatment of Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(2) with H-2 in the presence of allyl alcohol does not produce an oxometallacycle, but rather affords the allylalkoxo complex resulting from the alcohol simply functioning as a protonic acid toward the dialkyl reactant. The solid-state molecular structures of Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(N=CHMe) and Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(NH2CH2CH2CH2) have been established by single-crystal X-ray crystallographic analyses. Crystals of Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(N=CHMe) are monoclinic of space group P2(1)/n: a = 9.515(2) Angstrom; b = 21.946(3) Angstrom; c = 9.552(2) Angstrom; Z = 4; V = 1946.8 Angstrom(3); T = 200 K; R(f) = 0.029 for 2035 data (I-0 greater than or equal to 2.5 sigma(I-0)) and 106 variables. Crystals of Cp*W(NO)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(NH2CH2CH2CH2) are orthorhombic of sp ace group P2(1)2(1)2(1): a 11.417(4) Angstrom; b = 13.178(2) Angstrom; c 13.804(4) Angstrom; Z = 4; V = 2076.9 Angstrom(3); T = 200 K; R(f) = 0.020 for 2420 data (I-0 greater than or equal to 2.5 sigma(I-0)) and 208 variables.

URL<Go to ISI>://A1995QX79800061