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Quadrupole mass filters with octopole fields

TitleQuadrupole mass filters with octopole fields
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsDing, CF, Konenkov, NV, Douglas, DJ
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Volume17
Pagination2495-2502
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0951-4198
KeywordsELECTRODES, LINEAR ION-TRAP, OF-FLIGHT SYSTEM, PERFORMANCE, SPATIAL HARMONICS, SPECTROMETER
Abstract

The performance of quadrupole mass filters with added octopole fields in the range 2.0-4.0% has been investigated. The added fields are much greater than those normally added to conventional rod sets by mechanical tolerances or construction errors. Quadrupole rod sets with added octopole fields were constructed with round rods by making one pair of rods greater in diameter than the other pair. For positive ions, resolution at half height of only about 200 is possible if the negative direct current (dc) output of the quadrupole power supply is connected to the smaller rods. If the positive dc output of the quadrupole power supply is connected to the smaller rods, the resolution improves dramatically; a resolution at half height of 5800 has been observed with a rod set with 2.6% added octopole field. For negative ions the best resolution is obtained with the polarity of the dc reversed, i.e. with the negative dc applied to the smaller rods. These findings are unexpected in view of the literature that argues that to obtain high mass resolution with quadrupole mass filters, higher order multipoles must be kept as small as possible. Numerical simulations of peak shapes agree qualitatively with experiments. Simulation of the boundaries of the first stability region for positive ions shows that when the positive dc is applied to the smaller rods, the addition of a 2.0% octopole field causes the boundaries to shift slightly but the boundaries are well defined, and the tip of the stability region remains sharp. When the positive dc is applied to the larger rods, the boundaries of the stability region move out and become diffuse. For instruments that require a rod set that can be used both as a linear trap and a mass filter, these rod sets may offer improved trap performance while still being capable of providing conventional mass analysis. Copyright (C) 2003 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

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