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Theory of ion solvation dynamics in mixed dipolar solvents

TitleTheory of ion solvation dynamics in mixed dipolar solvents
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsYoshimori, A, Day, TJF, Patey, GN
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume109
Pagination3222-3231
Date PublishedAug
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0021-9606
KeywordsCOLLECTIVE ORIENTATIONAL RELAXATION, DIELECTRIC-RELAXATION, ELECTROLYTE-SOLUTIONS, HARD-SPHERES, INVARIANT EXPANSION, LIQUIDS, MEAN, MIXTURES, MOLECULAR THEORY, ORNSTEIN-ZERNIKE EQUATION, SPHERICAL MODEL
Abstract

Time dependent density functional theory in its "extended linear" or "surrogate" form is used to investigate the dynamics of selective ion solvation in binary dipolar solvents. It is shown that simple analytical approximations that trap the basic physics of the solvation process can be obtained. In particular, it is found that the relaxation of:the solvent number densities about a charged solute is governed by two distinct modes clearly associated with electrostriction and redistribution processes. This is consistent with the physical picture suggested by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The solvent polarization relaxation is also dominated by two modes associated with the-two rotational diffusion constants of the binary solvent. In addition to the analytical approximations, full numerical solutions of the extended linear theory are obtained and the dependence of the relaxation on solvent density and solute charge is discussed. Detailed comparisons of the theory with MD simulations for a closely related model indicate that the theory is qualitatively correct, but quantitatively poor generally predicting relaxation rates which are too fast. This is due mainly to the neglect of inertial or non-Markovian effects in the theoretical approach. (C) 1998 American Institute of Physics. [S0021-9606(98)50132-8]

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