|Title||alpha-monodeuterated benzyl alcohols and phosphobetaines from reactions of aromatic aldehydes with a water / D2O-soluble phosphine|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||Moiseev, DV, James, BR, Hu, TQ|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||ALIPHATIC ALDEHYDES, BRIGHTNESS STABILIZING AGENTS, CONDENSATION REACTIONS, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE, HYDROGENATION, LIGNIN MODEL COMPOUNDS, mechanical pulps, METHIDE, NUCLEOPHILIC-ADDITION, P-QUINONE, PHOSPHONIUM SALTS|
With the aim of learning more about the bleaching action of pulps by (hydroxymethyl) phosphines, we reacted several benzaldehydes, containing MeO, Me, OH, or halogen substituents, with tris(3-hydroxypropyl) phosphine, [HO(CH2)(3)](3)P, in aqueous solution at 90 degrees C under argon. Effective reduction of the aldehydes to the corresponding benzyl alcohols with concomitant oxidation of the phosphine to the phosphine oxide takes place, the reaction proceeding via an initially formed phosphonium species. When the reactions are carried out in D2O, the benzyl alcohol product from 3,4-dimethoxybenzaldehyde contains one deuterium atom at the benzyl-carbon atom, consistent with the last step of the mechanism involving a carbanion intermediate. With syringaldehyde (3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxy-benzaldehyde), the reduction product (syringyl alcohol) is more reactive toward the phosphine than is the starting aldehyde, and a zwitterionic, phosphobetaine product is formed. In D2O, the zwitterion benzyl protons and protons of the hydroxypropyl-CH2 adjacent to the P atom undergo H/D exchange via presumed phosphorus ylide intermediates. Under the same aqueous reaction conditions, tris(3-hydroxypropyl) phosphine, [HO(CH2)(3)](3)P (THPP), does not undergo redox reactions with aliphatic aldehydes but simply promotes a base-catalyzed self-condensation (aldol) reaction. THPP reduction of an aromatic ketone is sluggish, presumably because the carbonyl C-atom is less electrophilic than that present in an aromatic aldehyde.
|URL||<Go to ISI>://000242479700055|