|Title||Bis(amido)bis(oxinate)diamine Ligands for theranostic radiometals|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Southcott, L, Whetter, JN, Wharton, L, Patrick, BO, Zarschler, K, Kubeil, M, Stephan, H, Jaraquemada-Peláez, Mde Guadalu, Orvig, C|
|Journal||J. Inorg. Biochem.|
|Keywords||COORDINATION CHEMISTRY, Theranostics, [In]In [Cu]Cu [Pb]Pb solution thermodynamic studies|
With the interest in radiometal-containing diagnostic and therapeutic pharmaceuticals increasing rapidly, appropriate ligands to coordinate completely and stably said radiometals is essential. Reported here are two novel, bis(amido)bis(oxinate)diamine ligands, H2amidohox (2,2′-(ethane-1,2-diylbis(((8-hydroxyquinolin-2-yl)methyl)azanediyl))diacetamide) and H2amidoC3hox (2,2′-(propane-1,3-diylbis(((8-hydroxyquinolin-2-yl)methyl)azanediyl))diacetamide), that combine two 8-hydroxyquinoline and amide donor groups and differ by one carbon in their 1,2-ethylenediamine vs. 1,3-diaminopropane backbones, respectively. Both ligands have been thoroughly studied via metal complexation, solution thermodynamics and radiolabeling with three radiometal ions: [nat/64Cu]Cu2+, [nat/111In]In3+, and [nat/203Pb]Pb2+. X-ray crystallography determined the structures of the hexacoordinated Cu2+-ligand complexes, indicating a better fit of Cu2+ to the H2amidohox binding pocket. Concentration dependent radiolabeling with [64Cu]Cu2+ was successfully quantitative as low as 1 μM with H2amidohox and 10 μM with H2amidoC3hox within 5 min at room temperature. However, [64Cu][Cu(amidohox)] maintained higher kinetic inertness against a superoxide dismutase enzyme-challenge assay and ligand challenges compared to the [64Cu][Cu(amidoC3hox)] counterpart. Similarly, H2amidohox had significantly higher radiochemical conversion with both [111In]In3+ (97% at 1 μM) and [203Pb]Pb2+ (97% at 100 μM) under mild conditions compared to H2amidoC3hox (76% with [111In]In3+ at 1 μM and 0% with [203Pb]Pb2+). By studying non-radioactive and radioactive complexation with both ligands, a comprehensive understanding of the coordination differences between two- and three‑carbon diamine backbones is discussed. Overall, the ethylenediamine backbone of H2amidohox proves to be superior in rapid, mild radiolabeling and kinetic inertness towards competing ligands and proteins.