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CARBON-MONOXIDE AS A SIGMA-DONOR LIGAND IN COORDINATION CHEMISTRY

TitleCARBON-MONOXIDE AS A SIGMA-DONOR LIGAND IN COORDINATION CHEMISTRY
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsAubke, F, Wang, C
JournalCoordination Chemistry Reviews
Volume137
Pagination483-524
Date PublishedDec
Type of ArticleReview
ISBN Number0010-8545
KeywordsFLUOROSULFATE DERIVATIVES, GOLD(III) FLUOROSULFATE, HIGHLY REDUCED ORGANOMETALLICS, LATE TRANSITION-ELEMENTS, MAGNETIC-PROPERTIES, MICROWAVE-SPECTRUM, MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE, NOBLE-METALS, THIONYL CHLORIDE, VIBRATIONAL-SPECTRA
Abstract

In addition to the numerous and varied examples of organometallic and coordination compounds where carbon monoxide functions as a pi-acceptor ligand, there is a small but select group of derivatives where the CO-metal bonding relies predominantly on a-bonding only. The metal derivatives, which include Pt(CO)(2)Cl-2 known since 1868, are formed by electron-rich metals (Pd, Pt, Ag and Au), in oxidation states +1 and +2, are cationic in nature, and are for the most part thermally stable. Their generation in strong protonic and Lewis acids (HSO3F, HSO3F-SbF5 and liquid SbF5) allows convenient synthesis. The predominance of sigma-bonding results in unusual spectroscopic properties, such as <(nu)over bar>CO stretching vibrations as high as 2280 cm(-1), relative to 2143 cm(-1) in free CO, and C-13 chemical shifts which are 180-130 ppm rather than 190-220 ppm for classical transition-metal carbonyls. Consequently two basic principles, the synergic bonding model and the rule of 18, fail for these complexes. Recent structural studies point to the importance of secondary OC...OS or OC...FSb contacts, which in place of pi-backdonation provide for a measure of charge compensation both in solution or in the solid state. This review concentrates on very recent (since 1990) developments in this field, which is expanding rapidly beyond the transition metals.

URL<Go to ISI>://A1994PW81800013