|Title||Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO2 with Palladium Bis-N-heterocyclic Carbene Pincer Complexes|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Therrien, JA, Wolf, MO, Patrick, BO|
|Date Published||DEC 15|
A series of pyridine- and lutidine-linked bis-N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) palladium pincer complexes were electrochemically characterized and screened for CO2 reduction capability with 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol, acetic acid, or 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) as proton sources. The lutidine-linked pincer complexes electrocatalytically reduce CO2 to CO at potentials as low as -1.6 V versus Ag/AgNO3 in the presence of TFA. The one-electron reduction of these complexes is shown to be chemically reversible, yielding a monometallic species, with density functional theory studies indicating charge storage on the redox-active ligand, thus addressing a major source of deactivation in earlier triphosphine electrocatalysts.