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Ion source emittance influence on the transmission of a quadrupole operated in the second stability region

TitleIon source emittance influence on the transmission of a quadrupole operated in the second stability region
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsDouglas, DJ, Konenkov, NV
JournalJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Date PublishedOct
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1044-0305

The variation of transmission (T) with resolution (R) has been calculated for a quadrupole mass filter operated in the second stability region with Mathieu parameters q = 7.547 and a = 0 to 0.02995. The fringing fields at the entrance to the quadrupole, which can be strongly defocusing, and which can dramatically reduce the acceptance, have been included in the calculation. Even in the absence of fringing fields, at a resolution of 10,000 the acceptance in the x and y directions is less than 2 x 10(-4) pi r(0)(4) f(2) which is about 10(-3) of the acceptance in the first stability region at low resolution. Because the source emittance can strongly effect the T(R) behavior, the calculation of ion transmission has been done for two source emittances that correspond to different degrees of focusing of ions into the quadrupole. The T(R) characteristics for two realistic source emittances give behavior markedly different from the decrease in acceptance with increasing resolution which previously has been used as a measure of the quadrupole transmission. Comparisons of the calculated transmission losses with increasing resolution to earlier experimental results obtained with an inductively coupled plasma source show good agreement provided an emittance which corresponds to ions being tightly focused into the quadrupole is used. The calculation demonstrates that up to a resolution at half height of 7000 in the experiment, the transmission losses were a result of the decreasing quadrupole acceptance. At higher resolution the experimental transmission was limited by either the residence time of the ions in the quadrupole or the rod quality. It is also shown that the strong defocusing effects of the fringing fields at the entrance of the quadrupole can be largely overcome by accelerating the ions through these fields and then decelerating the ions in the quadrupole. (C) 1998 American Society for Mass Spectrometry.

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