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Mass spectrometric characterization of lipid-modified peptides for the analysis of acylated proteins

TitleMass spectrometric characterization of lipid-modified peptides for the analysis of acylated proteins
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsHoffman, MD, Kast, J
JournalJournal of Mass Spectrometry
Volume41
Pagination229-241
Date PublishedFeb
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1076-5174
KeywordsACID, ELECTROSPRAY-IONIZATION, farnesylation, IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS TYPE-1, marker ion, MATRIX PROTEIN, MEMBRANE ASSOCIATION, myristoylation, N-MYRISTOYLATION, neutral loss, palmitoylation, PHOSPHORYLATION, POSTTRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATIONS, PRENYLATED, PROTEINS
Abstract

The analysis of acylated proteins by mass spectrometry (MS) has largely been overshadowed in proteomics by the analysis of glycosylated and phosphorylated proteins; however, lipid modifications on proteins are proving to be of increasing importance in biomedical research. In order to identify the marker ions and/or neutral loss fragments that are produced upon collision-induced dissociation, providing a means to identify the common lipid modifications on proteins, peptides containing an N-terminally myristoylated glycine, a palmitoylated cysteine and a farnesylated cysteine were chemically synthesized. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF-TOF), electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight (ESI Q-TOF), and electrospray ionization hybrid triple-quadrupole/linear ion trap (ESI QqQ(LIT)) mass spectrometers were used for the analysis. The peptide containing the N-terminally myristoylated glycine, upon CID, produced the characteristic fragments a(1) (240.4 Th) and b(1) (268.4 Th) ions as well as a low-intensity neutral loss of 210 Da (C14H26O). The peptides containing a farnesylated cysteine residue fragmented to produce a marker ion at a m/z of 205 Th (C15H25) as well as other intense farnesyl fragment ions, and a neutral loss of 204 Da (C15H24). The peptides containing a palmitoylated cysteine moiety generated neutral losses of 238 Da (C16H30O) and 272 Da (C16H32OS); however, no marker ions were produced. The neutral losses were more prominent in the MALDI-TOF-TOF spectra, whereas the marker ions were more abundant in the ESI QqQ(LIT) and Q-TOF mass spectra. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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