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A novel tandem quadrupole mass analyzer

TitleA novel tandem quadrupole mass analyzer
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsDu, ZH, Douglas, DJ
JournalJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Date PublishedNov
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1044-0305

A new "tandem mass analyzer" is described. Two quadrupole mass filters are operated in series. Each is operated at low resolution and a small mass offset is introduced between the two quadrupoles so that the pair operate together to give higher resolution. The resolution of the tandem analyzer can be changed by changing the mass offset. The transmission is highest when the quadrupoles are operated as close together as possible with the poles aligned, with no intervening ion lens, and with the radio frequency (rf) voltages phase locked. A phase shift between the rf voltages applied to the quadrupoles also improves the ion transmission. Far a given resolution the tandem analyzer has transmission comparable to that of a single quadrupole. Results obtained with operation of the quadrupoles in the first, second, and third stability regions are described. Operation in the third stability region is particularly advantageous because the tandem analyzer exhibits good abundance sensitivity on the low and high mass sides under conditions where a single quadrupole produces a long peak tail on at least one side. It is also shown that scattering losses in the tandem analyzer are about half of those of a conventional quadrupole. The results suggest that it may be possible to build a low cost tandem analyzer that has relatively poor mechanical precision and yet that produces satisfactory peak shape and resolution. (J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 1999, 10, 1053-1066) (C) 1999 American Society for Mass Spectrometry.

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