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Quantitative NMR imaging study of the cooking of Japonica and Indica rice

TitleQuantitative NMR imaging study of the cooking of Japonica and Indica rice
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsKasai, M, Lewis, AR, Ayabe, S, Hatae, K, Fyfe, CA
JournalFood Research International
ISBN Number0963-9969

NMR imaging was used to follow changes in the water content and distribution during the cooking of Nipponbare (Japonica), Khao Dawk Mali (Indica) and High Amylose (Indica) rice. Samples were cooked in closed glass vials for various times, quenched to stop cooking and then investigated using two-dimensional multi-echo H-1 imaging experiments at 20 degrees C. Images calculated from the first-echo revealed changes in the water content of the rice grains. T, images calculated using the first 16 echoes were converted into quantitatively reliable contour maps of the water concentration using an empirical 71, vs. water content calibration determined from a series of water/rice starch mixtures. Considerable differences in the rate of water uptake and diffusion, the average water contents and the proportions of under-, optimally- and over-cooked rice were observed for the three rice types studied. (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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