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The structure of native G-actin.

TitleThe structure of native G-actin.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsWang, H, Robinson, RC, Burtnick, LD
Pagination456 - 465
Date Published2010///
ISBN Number1949-3584
KeywordsG F actin crystn protein structure Hsp27 polymn

Heat shock proteins act as cytoplasmic chaperones to ensure correct protein folding and prevent protein aggregation. The presence of stoichiometric amts. of one such heat shock protein, Hsp27, in supersatd. solns. of unmodified G-actin leads to crystn., in preference to polymn., of the actin. Hsp27 is not evident in the resulting crystal structure. Thus, for the first time, we present the structure of G-actin in a form that is devoid of polymn.-deterring chem. modifications or binding partners, either of which may alter its conformation. The structure contains a calcium ion and ATP within a closed nucleotide-binding cleft, and the D-loop is disordered. This native G-actin structure invites comparison with the current F-actin model in order to understand the structural implications for actin polymn. In particular, this anal. suggests a mechanism by which the bound cation coordinates conformational change and ATP-hydrolysis. [on SciFinder(R)]