|Two isosteric fluorinated derivatives of the powerful glucosidase inhibitors, 1-deoxynojirimycin and 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-D-mannitol: Syntheses and glycosidase-inhibitory activities of 1,2,5-trideoxy-2-fluoro-1,5-imino-D-glucitol and of 1,2,5-trideoxy-1-
|Year of Publication
|Andersen, SM, Ebner, M, Ekhart, CW, Gradnig, G, Legler, G, Lundt, I, Stutz, AE, Withers, SG, Wrodnigg, T
1,2,5-Trideoxy-2-fluoro-1,5-imino-D-glucitol, the 2-deoxyfluoro derivative of 1-deoxynojirimycin, as well as 1,2,5-trideoxy-1-fluoro-2,5-imino-D-mannit and 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-1-O-methyl-D-mannitol, two new analogues of the natural product and powerful glucosidase inhibitor 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-D-mannitol, were synthesised featuring glucose isomerase-catalysed aldose-ketose interconversion reactions as the key steps of the syntheses. Results of inhibition studies conducted with these compounds and previously obtained deoxyfluoro derivatives of 1-deoxynojirimycin, employing glucosidases from various sources, showed that the replacement of a hydroxyl function by fluorine caused an impairment of the inhibitory potency. This effect was smallest for the hydroxyl group at C-6 and up to four orders of magnitude larger for replacements at C-2 and C-3. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.